La casa del silencio, de Orhan Pamuk, por Francisco Cenamor

Lo más destacado de la novela La casa del silencio, de Orhan Pamuk, es como utiliza la vida cotidiana de un reducido número de personas para mostrarnos la historia sociológica de la Turquía de comienzos de los años ochenta.

El libro está escrito en primera persona, pero cada persona es distinta en los capítulos que vamos leyendo, por lo que la novela va atravesando distintos ritmos, distintos leguajes incluso. Al principio resulta difícil saber quien está contando la historia, pero ese pequeño caos inicial es normal cuando miramos desde fuera. Pero cuando nos vamos introduciendo en la realidad de la novela y vamos conociendo a sus protagonistas, empezamos a distinguir sus voces.

La verdad, me encanta leer libros escritos por personas de culturas diferentes a la mía. A pesar de ello, la realidad de los primeros años ochenta de Turquía se asemejan de manera inquietante a la nuestra: tres jóvenes de distintas edades, hermanos, que regresan al pueblo por vacaciones a casa de la abuela; el enfrentamiento entre tradición y modernidad, la tímida aparición pública de la izquierda y de comportamientos sociales novedosos, un todavía agresivo nacionalismo turco, la presencia de lo religioso…, son aspectos que se asemejan a nuestra experiencia, a pesar de ser Turquía un país lejano de tradición musulmana.

Cinco son los personajes que nos van desvelando la historia: la abuela, dueña de la casa familiar; a través de ella tendrán voz otros personajes que ya no están. Recep, el criado enano que aún cuida abnegadamente de la anciana en un gesto de solidaridad infinita o de miedo a lo exterior que le lleva a permanecer en la casa a pesar de todo lo que vamos sabiendo que ha sufrido en ella.

Los dos hermanos, Faruk, el mayor, historiador desencantado, y Metin, un impertinente adolescente que sueña con Estados Unidos. Y por fin Hasan, antiguo compañero de juegos de los tres hermanos y sobrino de Recep…, y algo más como descubriremos en la novela. La otra hermana, Nilgün aparece siempre mencionada por los demás y no conoceremos su voz: su silencio es el que terminará dando sentido a la novela.

El autor, Orhan Pamuk, nació en 1952 en Turquía, su primera novela apareció 30 años más tarde, pero su fama internacional comenzó cuando fue perseguido por el Estado turco al hablar de los genocidios a los que sometió ese Estado a los pueblos armenio y kurdo. Más tarde, en el año 2006, fue galardonado con el Premio Nobel de Literatura.

http://es.wikipedia.org/wiki/Orhan_Pamuk

Francisco Cenamor

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34 comentarios en “La casa del silencio, de Orhan Pamuk, por Francisco Cenamor

  1. Turquía es un país que me apasiona, pese a que viene sufriendo una europeización cada vez más evidente. Sobre todo en Estambul o Ankara. Lo bueno de la europeización es que implica que los europeos han ido allí y la han conocido y luego al regresar divulgaron sus maravillas.
    Te aseguro que leeré este libro. Además la perspectividad plural me ha atraído mucho siempre en la forma de contar, tanto en literatura como en cine u otras artes. Me gusta que el lector tenga que localizarse a sí mismo para que luego pueda ir localizando las distintas voces. Es necesaria una lectura interactiva: el autor nos ofrece la historia y nosotros averiguamos por qué camino estamos yendo. Quizás por eso me guste tanto el cine de David Lynch, porque los protagonistas tienen un desdoblamiento de personalidad y hasta que descubrimos cuál de ellas nos está contando la historia puede pasar mucho tiempo. Aunque, bueno, ese ya es otro caso ;)

  2. Si, esto de los múltiples narradores es difícil al principio, pero cuando van conociendo a cada uno de ellos tienes una perspectiva mucho más amplia de la historia. Ver la misma película desde distintos puntos de vista agranda nuestra mirada.

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  6. Oigan que les pasa!!
    No ven que esta pagina no es para ustedes bolas de idiotas!!!
    Estamos hablando de un libro lo más interesante y ustedes con esas estupideses.

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  10. Turquía es un país que me apasiona, pese a que viene sufriendo una europeización cada vez más evidente. Sobre todo en Estambul o Ankara. Lo bueno de la europeización es que implica que los europeos han ido allí y la han conocido y luego al regresar divulgaron sus maravillas.
    Te aseguro que leeré este libro. Además la perspectividad plural me ha atraído mucho siempre en la forma de contar, tanto en literatura como en cine u otras artes. Me gusta que el lector tenga que localizarse a sí mismo para que luego pueda ir localizando las distintas voces. Es necesaria una lectura interactiva: el autor nos ofrece la historia y nosotros averiguamos por qué camino estamos yendo. Quizás por eso me guste tanto el cine de David Lynch, porque los protagonistas tienen un desdoblamiento de personalidad y hasta que descubrimos cuál de ellas nos está contando la historia puede pasar mucho tiempo. Aunque, bueno, ese ya es otro caso

  11. Turquía es un país que me apasiona, pese a que viene sufriendo una europeización cada vez más evidente. Sobre todo en Estambul o Ankara. Lo bueno de la europeización es que implica que los europeos han ido allí y la han conocido y luego al regresar divulgaron sus maravillas.
    Te aseguro que leeré este libro. Además la perspectividad plural me ha atraído mucho siempre en la forma de contar, tanto en literatura como en cine u otras artes. Me gusta que el lector tenga que localizarse a sí mismo para que luego pueda ir localizando las distintas voces. Es necesaria una lectura interactiva: el autor nos ofrece la historia y nosotros averiguamos por qué camino estamos yendo. Quizás por eso me guste tanto el cine de David Lynch, porque los protagonistas tienen un desdoblamiento de personalidad y hasta que descubrimos cuál de ellas nos está contando la historia puede pasar mucho tiempo. Aunque, bueno, ese ya es otro caso AUNQUE ES UNA MIERDA

  12. Intenté leerlo, pero me parecio complicado y los distinto personajes simultaneos me marearon.
    Por lo tanto decidi entrar a internet para conocer un poco de la historia de orhan pamuk y sobre esta obra, “la casa del silencio”.
    Entre a esta pagina y me parecio muy interesante. Muchas gracias por innsentivarme a retomar el libro.
    Segun sus opiniones, parece ser q todo esta en la concentracion y las ganas de leer ^^

    Lastima los insultos de la gente q no valora lo unico que nos hace formar una personalidad fuerte y q nos hace inteligentes … :)

  13. yo empeze a leer el libro hace como dos meses pero no lo termine, o sea me parecio interesante al principio pero me quede como a la mitad por que empeze otro libro! lo quiero terminar pero lo he pospesto ya que he puesto otros libros primero! diganme si vale la pena terminarlo si esta interesante el final! por qe necesito motivacion! gracias!!

  14. Hola! Tal vez me puedan ayudar… Necesito saber en cual de todos los libros de Pamuk hay un capítulo que habla del personaje como pintor y del estímulo que recibió de sus padres desde niño para seguir con talento. Gracias!

  15. oie pedasos de animales dejena pedro no saben distinguir lo que es la belleza literariria y el arte poetico culto de este autor es solo para gente muy inteligente y que sabe que no gana naa insultando a unos gaznapidos e incultos hijos de mama que siempre les daran todo por que ellos de por si no son nada se nota que no tiene un habito lector

  16. Hola, quisiera que me ayuden a poder entender mejor esta obra, me pidieron leer en la universidad, la unica obra que lei de orham pamuk fue la nieve, y me encanto… quisiera que me ayuden porque al inicio la obra se torna compleja. Recien estoy en el inicio, gracias.

  17. Hola, realmente este es uno de los mejores libros que he leído recientemente, y como algunos han comentado no es de fácil lectura, pero vale la pena continuar, los personajes te van capturando conforme avanza el libro, te vas sumergiendo en la vida, sentimientos y pensamientos de cada uno de ellos…se los recomiendo!!

  18. La novela esta muy interesante, tiene mucho material literario y la historia es interesante. En verdad vale la pena leerlo, se los recomiendo. No todos los día se lee un libro con 5 narradores diferentes que intercalan sus historias y que den a conocer la opinion de un premio nobel y que dan a conocer su visión mundial.

  19. The official debut on the worldwide broadcast of the long waiting new video of Lady Gaga is fact.
    This is another video challenge of the eccentric singer offered to his fans, the single Alejandro – part of its latest album – The Fame Monster, which came at the end of 2009.

  20. jesuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuuus soy tu faaaaaan! mira te dejo un poema:
    el estilo se saca de los enormes mocos de la nariz
    que me salieron cuando pense en ti,
    me alegre mucho de poder sentir
    lo mismo que todos pensaron al sacarse uno de por ahi

    bravoooo ese poema lo he inventado yo porque me apasiona
    (aplauso) (llanto de alegria)
    la proxima vez te escribiré una obra de teatro
    good bye!

  21. Acabo de terminar de leer ese libro y me gustó aunque me extrañó que un libro con algo de lenguaje vulgar (podría decirse) haya ganado un Nobel de la literatura. También me pasó que me quedé esperando a que se muriera la vieja :/ pero, en fin, estuvo bien.

  22. Estoy empezando a leer “La casa del silencio” de Pamuk
    y me parece interesante.Me llama la atención el trato despiadado e inhumano de la vieja fatma hacia el enano
    Recep.Siempre pienso que las abuelas deben tener el trato más humano, más divino…En fin, seguiré leyendo.

  23. Me ha gustado la crítica de este libro en este blog. Sin embargo acabo de acabar el libro ¨La casa del silencio¨, y lo siento mucho, me ha parecido un rollazo. Un saludo.

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